Joe Pye Weed, Spotted Joe Pye Weed, King-of-the-Meadow, Queen-of-the-Meadow, Thoroughwort
Perennial, 2 - 6 feet, stem purple or purple-spotted, purple-brown flowers in flat-topped clusters bloom from July through September. Found in wet meadows from the mountains of North Carolina westward to Nebraska and ranging through British Columbia.
Greek, from the name of the King of Pontus, Eupator and maculatum from the Latin meaning spotted, referring to the leaves.
Native Americans made a tea from the entire plant as a diuretic and for treating dropsy, painful urination, gout, kidney infections and rheumatism. Tea made from the root was used to treat fevers, colds, chills, painful womb after childbirth, diarrhea, liver and kidney trouble, and as a wash for rheumatism. The name comes from a real historical personage by the name of Joe Pye, a 19th century Caucasian/Indian medicine drummer who was well known for using the root of this plant to induce sweating and help break fevers, especially typhus.
|Sun Exposure||Prairie, Savanna|
|Soil Moisture||Wet, Wet Mesic|
Summer, Fall June, July, August
|Max Height||5 feet|
|Germ Code||C(30), D|
|Seeds Per Packet||400|
|Seeds Per Ounce||95,000|
Edible Uses: Unknown
Medicinal Uses: A tea made from the whole herb is diuretic. It is used in the treatment of kidney complaints, painful urination, rheumatism etc. The leaves and stems are harvested in the summer before the flower buds open, and are dried for later use. A tea made from the roots is used in the treatment of fevers, colds, kidney and liver complaints, rheumatism etc. It is said to have a tonic effect upon pregnant women and is also said to induce sweating. Externally, a decoction of the roots is used as a wash on rheumatic joints. The roots are harvested in the autumn and dried for later use.
Other Uses: The stems have been used as straws.
Herbal Uses: Unknown