River Bulrush ( Scirpus Cypernius) is part of the sedge family (Cyperaceae) and is an excellent shoreline stabilizer. It grows 3 - 5 feet tall and can be separated from grasses and rushes by looking at the spikelets, which have a spiral arrangement of scale covered flowers and nutlets. It has a stout, triangular leafy stem. The thick and sturdy stem was used to build furniture and shelters. They are also tall, straight and decay resistant. Favored by geese during migration as the tubers are an important food source. Nutlets are eaten by a variety of waterfowl including black duck, canvasback, mallard, pintail gadwall and redhead.
|Soil Moisture||Wet, Wet Mesic|
|Max Height||6 feet|
|Germ Code||C(69) or M, D|
|Seeds Per Ounce||4,300|
Edible Uses: "The stems are peeled and eaten. Root - raw or cooked. The roots form tubers at intervals along their length and new plants are formed from these tubers. When first formed, the tubers are white and starchy with a sweet coconut-milk flavour, they become black and woody with age. Tubers can be up to 3cm in diameter.
Medicinal Uses: This plant was ranked 11th in a survey of 250 potential antifertility plants in China.
Other Uses: The roots have been used to form the black part of the basket design. The roots were stained by burying them in the mud with ashes until a black colour was obtained.
Herbal Uses: Unknown