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Glossary Terms


Native (Wildflowers - Native plant species that have been found in the USA for over 200 years.  Non-native plants are sometimes confused as Native due to the length of time they have been planted and used in USA.


Native Grasses -Native grasses are various regional and national grasses that were original to the particular area of the country (USA). Some varieties have adapted for use as lawn turf (buffalo grass) or wildlife and livestock forage. Most turf grasses planted in the US today were brought to this country by immigrants or introduced later on by research scientists and plant explorers.  Grasses are divided into two main catagories:

Cool season grasses produce most of their growth during the spring and late fall when soil and air temperatures are cooler.

Warm Season  grasses produce most of their growth during the hot summer months from July through September. They survive and adapt better than cool season species under conditions of drought and heat.  The warm season grasses ability to remain standing through the winter provides better nesting and winter cover than cool season grasses. Little bluestem, indiangrass, and switchgrass are among the characteristic warm season grasses native to this region. 


Rushes - Stiff marsh plants of the genus Juncus, that have pliant hollow or pithy stems and small flowers with scale-like perianths. They are usually aquatic plants.


Sedges - Monocot flowering grass-like or rush-like plants of the genus Carex. which includes over 1500 species and are a member of the Cyperaceae family.  Sedges have solid jointless stems, narrow grass-like leaves and spikelets of inconspicuous flowers.  They grow in dense tufts in wet, marshy locations.