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LESPEDEZA CAPITATA | Roundheaded Bushclover

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Product Description

"Roundheaded Bushclover, Roundheaded Lespedeza, Dusty Clover"

Sun Exposure               Prairie, Savanna
Soil Moisture Mesic, Dry Mesic, Dry
Bloom Time

Summer, Fall                        August, September

Bloom Color Green
Max Height 4 feet
Wetland Code FACU
Germ Code  C(10),I,J
Seeds Per Packet  200
Seeds Per Ounce   8,000


Lespedeza named in honor of Cespedez, Spanish Governor of East Florida in the late 18th century, although it was misspelled as Lespedeza and capitata is from the Latin word meaning"in heads", referring to the seed heads.

L. capitata is found on the Great Plains and east on dry prairies and open woodlands. It reaches 2 - 4 feet in height and shows creamy white blossoms from July to September.

Native Americans of the southwest made a beverage from the leaves of this plant. Plains Indians had an interesting use as a moxa for cases of neuralgia or rheumatism. Stems were cut into small pieces and attached to the "patient's" skin by moistening one end of the stem with the tongue. The attached stem was then lit on fire and allowed to burn down to the skin. The root of L. capitata was considered an antidote for swallowed poisons

This plant is also an excellent forage crop providing a high-protein forage for livestock. The seeds are also eaten by songbirds, gamebirds and other wildlife.

Edible Uses: The leaves have been boiled to make a tea.

Medicinal Uses: The plant contains several biologically active compounds. Pharmaceutical preparations are manufactured from them. An extract of the plant is of disputed utility in chronic kidney disease. Experimentally, it has demonstrated antitumor activity against Walker-256 carcinosarcoma and is also reportedly effective in lowering blood cholesterol levels. It is also believed to reduce blood levels of nitrogen compounds in persons with high nitrogen levels in their urine. The root has been used as an antidote to poisoning.

The stems have been used in moxibustion in the treatment of neuralgia and rheumatism.

Herbal Uses: Unknown

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