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SOLIDAGO ULMIFOLIA | Elm-leaved Goldenrod

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Product Description

Solidago comes from the Latin word solido meaning "to strengthen; to make solid". Ulmifolia is the Latin word for "with leaves like an elm (Ulmus)".

Sun Exposure               Savanna, Woodland
Soil Moisture Mesic, Dry Mesic
Bloom Time

Summer, Fall                       July, August, September, October

Bloom Color Yellow
Max Height 3 feet
Wetland Code UPL
Germ Code  C(60), D
Seeds Per Ounce   130,000


Yellow to yellow-orange flowers in spreading clusters at the top of the plant bloom from August to October. Leaves resemble an elm leaf, coarsely toothed and soft with hairy undersides. Stem is smooth and hairless but flower stems are usually hairy. Reaches 2 to 4 1/2 feet and prefers dry woodlands and thickets through the northern Tallgrass region and eastward to Vermont.

Goldenrods spread by both seeds and rhizomes. When grown in prairies, savannas and meadows, Goldenrod is not invasive in a sunny, mesic/dry location and is amazingly hardy.

Goldenrod is a host plant for a number of beneficial insects and is used as a food source by a number of moth and butterfly caterpillars.  Goldenrod will often be covered with bees, wasps, flies and butterflies sipping nectar when it is in bloom.  Other insects including Praying Mantis, Lacewings, spiders, beetles and parasitic wasps utilize it for both habitat and food.

Goldenrod is a late season pollinator, thus provides nectar for many beneficial insects in late summer when other plants are dormant. it's pollinated primarily by insects.

Although considered a weed by some, Goldenrod has earned a reputation as a prized garden plant by gardeners worldwide providing swaths of gold color covered with buzzing insects. When including Goldenrods to your garden, avoid supplementing with additional water.

Historically Goldenrods were unjustly believed to be the cause of hay fever, however, Ragweed (Ambrosia, sp.) is the true hay fever culprit which blooms at the same time as Goldenrod.  Ragweed’s pollen is wind-born; Goldenrod's pollen is too heavy and sticky to be blown in the wind.


Edible Uses: Unknown

Medicinal Uses: Unknown

Herbal Uses: Unknown

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