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  • CICUTA MACULATA | Water Hemlock

Product Description

Water Hemlock, Beaver Poison, Carotte a Moreau, Cowbane, Musquash root, Spotted Cowbane, Spotted Hemlock

Cicuta from the ancient Latin for poison hemlock and maculata from the Latin meaning "spotted or mottled", referring to the purple mottling of the stem.

Can be biennial or a short-lived perennial, very stout stem, can reach 7 feet tall. Lower portions of the plant are often lined or mottled with purple. Flat-topped flower are 2 to 5 inches across with tiny individual white flowers about 1/16 inch across. They are fragrant. Blooms are present from June through the early part of July.

About the only logical use of this plant by Native Americans was by the Klamath of the Great Basin. The used a concoction from the root of Water Hemlock mixed with other items as a poison on the tips of their arrows. It is extremely toxic - if ingested, a piece of the tuber the size of a pea is enough to cause death in humans.

Sun Exposure               Prairie, Savanna
Soil Moisture Wet, Wet Mesic
Bloom Time

June, July, August

Bloom Color White
Max Height 6 feet
Wetland Code OBl
Germ Code  C(120) or M
Seeds Per Packet  200
Seeds Per Ounce   12,000



Edible Uses: Unknown

Medicinal Uses: Unknown

Herbal Uses: Unknown

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